According to physicists, wormholes may have already been discovered.

It is possible that these legendary creatures of physics have been observed earlier because hypothetical tunnels connecting distant regions of space (and time) might more or less resemble standard black holes.

Fortunately, there may still be a method to distinguish them if a new model presented by a small group of physicists at the University of Sofia in Bulgaria proves to be accurate.

If you play with Einstein’s general theory of relativity long enough, you can demonstrate how the space-time background of the Universe can create not only deep gravitational holes from which nothing can escape, but also impassable mountain peaks.

These luminous hills would avoid anything that approached, perhaps spitting out torrents of particles and radiation that had no chance of returning, unlike their dark relatives.

Aside from the strong chance that the Big Bang resembles one of these “white holes”, nothing comparable has ever been seen. They are still a fascinating idea to extend one of the most influential ideas in physics.

Nathan Rosen, a colleague of Einstein’s, demonstrated in the 1930s that there was no reason why a bridge couldn’t be created between the sharp peaks of a white hole and the highly curved space-time of a black hole.

Our normal notions of time and space are disregarded in this area of ​​physics, so such a speculative linkage could potentially span the entire cosmos.

It might even be conceivable that matter travels through this cosmic tube with its information largely unchanged under the right conditions.

So, to determine what this black hole with a butt might look like to observatories like the Event Horizon Telescope, the Sofia University team developed a simplified model of a wormhole’s ‘throat’ as a ring of magnetized fluid and made several assumptions. about what matter would be like, circulate it before it is swallowed.

Any light emitted by the heated material would be polarized with a distinct signature as a result of the strong electromagnetic fields that particles caught in this fierce maelstrom would produce. We received the first breathtaking photographs of M87* in 2019 and Sagittarius A* earlier this year, thanks to tracking polarized radio waves.

It turns out that the heated lips of a normal wormhole would be difficult to discern from the polarized light emitted by the spinning chaos disk around a black hole.

This reasoning suggests that M87* may very likely be a wormhole. In fact, we wouldn’t have a clear way of knowing if wormholes were hiding at the ends of black holes everywhere.

That’s not to say there’s absolutely no way to know.

Subtle features that separate wormholes from black holes may become clear if we are lucky enough to piece together an image of a wormhole candidate seen indirectly through a good gravitational lens.

Of course, to accentuate the small differences, a useful mass between us and the wormhole would need to distort its light enough, but at least it would provide us with a way to reliably identify which black areas of the void have a rear exit.

There is one more method, although it also requires a good deal of luck. Light passing through the gaping portal of a wormhole towards us would have its signature boosted even further, giving us a clearer signal of a portal across the stars and beyond, if we detected a wormhole at the ideal angle.

The researchers are now focusing on the prospect that further modeling might show other properties of light waves that help separate wormholes from the night sky without the need for lenses or ideal angles.

Additional constraints on the physics of wormholes could open new directions for research into the physics that governs the behavior of waves and particles, as well as general relativity.

Furthermore, the failure of general relativity could be revealed by lessons learned from such predictions, which could lead to the discovery of bold new discoveries that could revolutionize our understanding of the universe.

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