UFO: What we know so far about the flying saucer phenomena

Two senior United States defense intelligence officers testified before a House of Representatives intelligence subcommittee regarding U̳F̳O̳s in May 2022. This was the very first public hearing on the issue in fifty years in the United States Congress. The hearing took place eleven months after a government assessment revealed more than 140 occurrences of unexplained aerial phenomenon (UAPs) reported by US military aircraft since 2004.

The Sun, a British news organization, submitted a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) demand to the US Department of Defense, which caused the release of over 1,500 pages of r̟e̟c̟o̟r̟d̟s linked to U̳F̳O̳-related sightings from the covert Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP), back in April 2022.  Claims of radiation burns and nerve damage, linked to the sighting were among the r̟e̟c̟o̟r̟d̟s found. The publication of these papers has reignited interest in a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ U̳F̳O̳ sightings.

And to a Pew Research Center analysis from 2021, nearly half of Americans believe that U̳F̳O̳ encounters r̟e̟c̟o̟r̟d̟ed by military personnel are probable proof of life beyond Earth. About 40% believe that U̳F̳O̳s reported by the military are “probably” signs of a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ life.

The general people do not consider U̳F̳O̳s to be a big danger to the nation. U̳F̳O̳s are neither a menace nor a slight one, according to 87 percent of respondents in the same study. Only one in ten people believe U̳F̳O̳s pose a danger to national security in the United States.

Officials from the military, on the other hand, hold a different viewpoint. Officials from the Defense Department have previously stated that U̳F̳O̳s are not fake and constitute a major threat to the country. Military authorities, on the other hand, do not believe U̳F̳O̳s are of a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ origin. Instead, military authorities think that greater observation and research can explain virtually all inexplicable situations.

Who coined the phrase “unidentified flying object” (U̳F̳O̳)?


A U̳F̳O̳ would be any kind of flying object that you observe in the skies but are unable to identify. Numerous conspiracy theorists claim that such unidentified objects are ex̳t̳r̳a̳t̳e̳r̳r̳e̳s̳t̳r̳i̳a̳l̳ spaceships from another planet that have arrived on Earth. The U̳F̳O̳ notion gained prominence during the Cold W̳a̳r̳ era, when several countries, including the United States, were creating new kinds of fighter jets and related technology to improve their air combat capabilities.

In 1947, the current age of U̳F̳O̳ encounters began. Kenneth Arnold, an American aviator, claimed to have seen nine dazzling blue-white things flying in a “V” configuration over Washington’s Mount Rainier on June 24, that year.

He calculated their speed to be around 1700 miles per hour, and associated their motion with “skipping a saucer across the sea.” At the time, newspaper accounts misconstrued this and referred to the objects as “flying saucers”.

Many U̳F̳O̳ sightings were r̟e̟c̟o̟r̟d̟ed in the years following the “flying saucer” revelation, and the subject of U̳F̳O̳s got so intricate that even the US Air Force began discreetly researching sightings. Air Force Captain Edw̳a̳r̳d James Ruppelt was in charge of a project code-named Blue Book that looked investigated U̳F̳O̳ reports in the 1950s. The project’s main goals were to conduct a scientific investigation of all U̳F̳O̳-related evidence available at the time and to determine if U̳F̳O̳s could be deemed a national security concern. It was based at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio.

Throughout the study, the team behind Ruppelt and their followers came to the conclusion that no U̳F̳O̳ which had been evaluated or disclosed was a threat to national security. They claimed this because there was no proof that the sightings displayed technology beyond the understanding of modern science.

They also came to the conclusion that the characterization of “flying saucers” clearly doesn’t apply to all U̳F̳O̳ experiences. Numerous reports of unidentified flying objects defined things that did not resemble a flying saucer or a flying disc. As a result, Ruppelt invented another, more appropriate name, ‘U̳F̳O̳,’ which stands for an unidentified flying object; nevertheless, other sources claim that the phrase was originally used by American writer and marine pilot Donald Edw̳a̳r̳d Keyhoe in 1953.

The most amazing U̳F̳O̳ sightings

The first public legislative hearing on U̳F̳O̳s was just held in the US Capitol in Washington, DC on May 17, 2022. During the meeting, the P̳e̳n̳t̳a̳g̳o̳n̳ revealed that between 2004 and 2022, military members reported at least 400 U̳F̳O̳ occurrences. Surprisingly, the UAP study team confirmed just 144 U̳F̳O̳ incidents till 2021.

At the meeting, Scott W. Bray, Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence, stated that they had witnessed an increase in the number of illegal and/or unidentifiable aircraft or objects, as well as military control training zones, training ranges, and other specified airspaces. He also stated that they cannot point to something that was not created by humans, but he can provide many cases that remain unanswered.

Aside from the incidents addressed at the previous hearing of Congress, there have been countless U̳F̳O̳ encounters in the past that continue to amaze U̳F̳O̳logists and pique the public’s interest.

Below are some of the most amazing U̳F̳O̳ sightings:

The Roswell crash – find out more about the Roswell crash

Rancher W.W. “Mac” Brazel discovered debris on his land in June or July 1947, about 75 miles north of Roswell, New Mexico. Tinfoil, thick paper, and rubber strips were among the debris found in the wreckage. He gave part of the information to the Roswell sheriff, who forw̳a̳r̳ded it to Colonel William Blanchard, the commanding officer of the RAAF.

The Roswell Daily Record published an article that featured the media release, but Army officials swiftly issued a fresh statement, claiming that the discovered debris was really from a weather balloon.

Many conspiracy theorists and U̳F̳O̳logists expressed skepticism of the government’s contradictory accounts in the years since, and have claimed, without proof, that many U̳F̳O̳s containing a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ beings crashed at the Roswell site, and that the US government had the spacecraft and the ex̳t̳r̳a̳t̳e̳r̳r̳e̳s̳t̳r̳i̳a̳l̳s under its control.

Kevin D. Randle, an army veteran, told All About Space in an interview that everyone believes that something dropped at Roswell, but no terrestrial explanation exists. The US Air Force, on the other hand, has dismissed all ex̳t̳r̳a̳t̳e̳r̳r̳e̳s̳t̳r̳i̳a̳l̳ and U̳F̳O̳-related reports. In 1994, it issued a report acknowledging that the weather balloon narrative was false but alleging that the wreckage originated from top-secret espionage equipment at the time. The gadget was made up of a series of high-altitude balloons with microphones that were supposed to float silently above the Soviet Union, monitoring nuclear testing. The bogus weather balloon scenario, according to the study, was an attempt to hide the existence of the covert espionage mission.

The ex̳t̳r̳a̳t̳e̳r̳r̳e̳s̳t̳r̳i̳a̳l̳ invasion of Levelland

On November 2, 1957, farmworkers Pedro Saucedo and Joe Salaz in Levelland, Texas, reported having seen a 200-foot rocket-shaped U̳F̳O̳. They informed the local sheriff that a mysterious flying object with a blue headlight was likely to hit their truck, causing them to leap out. Even though the U̳F̳O̳ did not collide with the truck, it tampered with its electronic system, causing the lights engine to quit operating.

Amazingly, that wasn’t the only U̳F̳O̳ sighting on that particular day. Many residents, including motorist Jim Wheeler, Newell Wright a student at Texas Tech University, and Levelland Fire Commissioner Ray Jones, observed blue light flashes, weird objects, automobile electronics, and engine system problems while driving. The reports were eventually probed by the US Air Force’s Project Blue Book, which found that the sightings and electronic malfunctions in the cars were caused by powerful ball lightning and electrical storm incidents.

U̳F̳O̳ sighting in Westall

On April 6, 1966, hundreds of pupils and instructors at Westall Secondary College in Clayton South, Australia, saw a flying saucer-shaped U̳F̳O̳. Although no photographs were obtained, multiple eyewitnesses claimed to have seen a U̳F̳O̳ in various interviews.

Later, authorities from the local weather office claimed that a weather balloon was launched that same day. The balloon may have crashed in the field or the college and been mistaken for a U̳F̳O̳, they alleged. The Royal Australian Air Force likewise rejected accusations that there was an inexplicable aerial phenomenon in the skies on April 6th.

Yet, in 2021, one of the instructors who observed the incident, Andrew Greenwood, stated that two individuals purporting to be members of the government came to his house following the occurrence. Greenwood was informed by the guys that he was “wrong about what he observed” and that he must not say something further about it. When Greenwood objected, the guys threatened to dismiss him, according to him.

Ronald Reagan saw U̳F̳O̳s twice during his presidency.

One of the most widely reported U̳F̳O̳ sightings in US history. According to certain stories, Ronald Reagan observed U̳F̳O̳s long before he became president of the United States. The first meeting is said to have occurred in the 1950s when Reagan was on his way to actor William Holden’s house in Hollywood for a party. In her book, Lucy in the Afternoon, American actress Lucille Ball, who was also there, claims that Reagan and his spouse Nancy claimed to see a U̳F̳O̳ on their trip to LA.

As governor of California in 1974, Reagan witnessed another bizarre airborne phenomenon. That time, he was traveling in a Cessna with two security guards on his way to Bakersfield when Reagan’s pilot Bill Paynter saw a peculiar yellow light following their plane. Every person on board was taken aback as the U̳F̳O̳ suddenly accelerated from a typical cruise speed to a phenomenal speed.

Reagan, predictably, stayed mute about his U̳F̳O̳ sightings during his presidency. He did, however, employ the idea of a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ contacts in a UN address about reducing Cold W̳a̳r̳ tensions, where he mentioned the potential of the Earth being invaded by some ex̳t̳r̳a̳t̳e̳r̳r̳e̳s̳t̳r̳i̳a̳l̳ power, which would simply demonstrate how feeble we, as humans, are.

A U̳F̳O̳ fleet has arrived in Belgium.

In November 1989 and March 1990, a storm of triangular-shaped U̳F̳O̳s was sighted in the Belgian skyline for many weeks. Over 13,000 individuals reported seeing big black triangles floating in the sky throughout the occurrences. The Belgian Air Force also identified unusual objects on their radars and dispatched two F-16 fighter jets to investigate.

During their hunt, the pilots also noticed some activity on their radar but did not see any U̳F̳O̳s floating about in the sky. Many researchers and specialists who analyzed the Belgian U̳F̳O̳ wave later pointed out that SOBEPS, a U̳F̳O̳logists’ team who stated to have investigated the incidents, had circulated disinformation and produced a mass hallucination. According to the researchers, SOBEPS manipulated individuals into thinking that anything strange in the sky may be a U̳F̳O̳.

An image of a triangular U̳F̳O̳ also went viral, however, it was discovered in a TV interview in 2011, that the image was not real. The forger made a polystyrene U̳F̳O̳ model, painted it, and took a shot that resembled what several people claimed to have seen in Belgium.

Interesting U̳F̳O̳ and associated sightings facts

Here are some interesting and little-known U̳F̳O̳ facts:

Even though media sources began reporting on U̳F̳O̳s in earnest following the Kenneth Arnold event does not indicate that sightings were not made prior to this. A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ authors, historians, astronomers, and philosophers have occasionally written about unusual flying objects. For example, Julius Obsequens, a 4th and 5th-century Roman writer, talked of the appearance of marvelous things, including inexplicable occurrences in the sky. Tales from Germany and Switzerland, on the other hand, mention conflicts in the skies in the 16th century.

The earliest reported U̳F̳O̳ sighting in the United States occurred in 1639. At the time, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay area, reported about a flying object seen by a man called James Everell. The a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ object was spotted above a dirty river located in Boston, according to the account retrieved from Winthrop’s diary. It could shrink in size and had flames.

U̳F̳O̳ enthusiasts throughout the world honor World U̳F̳O̳ Day on July 2 (in commemoration of the Roswell incident), while others observe it on June 24 (remembering the Kenneth Arnold sighting). Persons join in groups and then go skywatching in the hopes of seeing a U̳F̳O̳. Furthermore, the purpose of these events is to increase aw̳a̳r̳eness of U̳F̳O̳s and to persuade the government to provide more secret material on a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳s and U̳F̳O̳s.

NASA has just chosen to become engaged in the UAP investigations. The verdict follows a legislative hearing on U̳F̳O̳s, throughout which the United States House also reviewed the security threats involved with unidentified flying objects.

We don’t know for certain whether U̳F̳O̳s of a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳ origin exist. However, the increased interest in U̳F̳O̳ studies by scientists, the government, and research organizations such as NASA is a promising indication. Their combined efforts may yield rational answers for the numerous U̳F̳O̳ encounters that occur each year, as well as raise public aw̳a̳r̳eness of this intriguing subject.

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