ᴀɴᴛɪᴋʏᴛʜᴇʀᴀ ᴍᴇᴄʜᴀɴɪsᴍ, ᴀɴ ᴀʟɪᴇɴ ʜᴇʀɪᴛᴀɢᴇ ᴡɪᴛʜ ʜɪɢʜ ᴛᴇᴄʜɴᴏʟᴏɢʏ
The “Antikythera mechanism” has a high level of astronomical knowledge or scientific technology, which is probably the scientific heritage passed down to A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Greece by highly intelligent earthmen or a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳s in very A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ times. In 1990, when a group of divers carried out sponge collection operations in the sea near a small island called Antikythera in Greece, they accidentally found a shipwreck. The shipwreck appeared to be a merchant ship that was sailed to Rome from somewhere in the borders of Greece at the time around 65 BC. Most of the salvaged goods were bronze or marble statues, but there were also a few strange shapes and very corroded bronze pieces overlapping them.
Due to the large number and exquisiteness of other statues and crafts, few people would notice the broken pieces of copper. By 1902, however, when archaeologists looked at the pieces of copper, they noticed that the outline of a gear could be seen among the mottled remains, and named it the “Antikythera Mechanism”. After the news came out, these copper pieces became a hot subject of research, attracting the attention of many scientists.
It has been postulated that the appearance of these pieces of copper appears to be a geared part of the “celestial observatory” used by A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ astronomers to infer the height of celestial bodies; But there are plenty of experts who disagree with this hypothesis. As a result, it can be determined that a portion of the scale and Greek writing, as well as the recorded date of manufacture, is 82 B.C. The technology behind the “Antikythera Mechanism” was so ingenious that it was not widely known until the second half of the 20th century.
In 1958, Dr. Derek j. DE Solla Price, a professor of the history of science at the university of Cambridge in the United Kingdom (and now professor emeritus at Yale university in the United States), was surprised when he first saw the machine at the Athens national museum of archaeology. In terms of the science and technology of A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Greek times, as far as experts know, it should have been impossible to have such a device.
According to the results of professor DE Solla Price’s post-morsel investigation, the original shape may have consisted of more than twenty bronze gears and many thin plates. The structure is quite complicated, and the whole installation seems to be in a wooden box. On each sheet, arranged in rows and fixed, there were scales. Once the shaft through the side of the box was turned, the gear would move with it, and the hands would move at different speeds on each scale. On the surface of the wooden box, there seemed to be a dense record of the operation of the machine, the reading of the scales, and the inscription including the astronomical calendar… And so on. Even more surprising to professor DE Solla Price was the part of the differential gear. Because scientists generally believe that this kind of complex transmission device in the history of human science and technology in the first time, in 1575 made the inside of the clock, how can pre-epoch human beings have such a timeless precision technology?
It took him more than a decade to recover the machine from badly corroded fragments, and in 1971, with the help of the Greek atomic energy commission to take many X-ray photographs. Finally, professor DE Solla Price understood the complete picture of the gear bite, and the recovery of the machine was completed. The result, surprisingly, was that the machine correctly showed the sun, the moon, and the other mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn… And so on, the relative position of the planets in the sky and the time of movement. In other words, it is not only a “solar planetarium”, but also a “mechanical analog computer”. Amazingly, in the first century B.C., the A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Greeks had no evidence of sophisticated astronomical observation instruments or differential gear technology. How could they have been familiar with such esoteric astronomical knowledge and designed devices to accurately calculate the position and running time? Some scholars are puzzled and put forward a metaphysical point of view that this is because A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Greek civilization attaches importance to abstract philosophy of ideas or theoretical science, but ignores concrete, practical technology or applied science. However, this “enigmatic” explanation can only be regarded as nonsense.
A more reasonable explanation should be that, as speculated by professor DE Solla Price, the maker of the “Antikythera Mechanism” has a high level of astronomical knowledge or scientific technology, which is probably the scientific heritage passed down to A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Greece by highly intelligent earthmen or a̳l̳i̳e̳n̳s in extremely A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ times. In any case, the “Antikythera Mechanism” is a super-civilized instrument beyond the imagination and understanding of scientists.
st time, in 1575 made the inside of the clock, how can pre-epoch human beings have such a timeless precision technology?